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60 months Milestone

Cheerful babble has become fluent speech

Your child’s speech is now 100 % intelligible to strangers. A typical 5-year-old is ready to reach the following milestones this year:

  1. Use the present and past continuous tense with the correct “to be” verb. “The boy is/was running” or “The boys are/were running.”
  2. Use the pronouns his, hers and theirs. “The balls are his/hers/theirs.”
  3. Use the comparative -er and the superlative -est. “Tall – taller – tallest.”
  4. Use adverbs correctly, with -ly. “He runs slowly/quickly/quietly.”
  5. Use irregular plurals. “Mice, men, children, teeth, feet.”
  6. Use irregular past tense. “Ate, broke, dug, fell, swam.”
  7. Use words that indicate time concepts. “Yesterday, tomorrow, morning, afternoon, later.”

Tip: Ask your child to explain things

Researchers Petter Kristensen and Tor Bierkedal explored why older siblings are often more intelligent than younger ones. They believe the reason is that older children find themselves in situations where they need to explain things to younger siblings. They therefore practice organising their thoughts while explaining what to do and how to do it more often than the younger child.

This is in line with Lev Vygotsky’s argument that there is a direct connection between how much a person has to say about a subject and that person’s understanding of the subject. According to them, “our thoughts come into being as we speak.” 

The take-away here is that we should ask our children to explain things to us whenever possible.

Reference: Petter Kristensen & Tor Bjerkedal, Science, Volume 316 no. 5832, p.1717, (June 2007). “Explaining the Relation Between Birth Order and Intelligence.”

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